Lord of the Flies by William Golding (2023)

title: Lord of the flies

Author:Wilhelm Golding

Editor:Faber and Faber

Genre:Allegory, commentary on society

Initial release:1954


Configuration location:Lonely tropical island


Main characters:Ralph, Porquinho, Jack, Simon, Samneric, Roger

Narrative:third person omniscient

Is:Evil, Valves for Violence, Human Nature, Loss of Innocence, Savagery vs. Civilization

Book Summary: Lord of the Flies by William Golding

In the midst of a nuclear war, a plane carrying a group of British schoolboys crashed on a desert island. Without adult supervision, they must work together and govern themselves to survive. At first the boys are civilized and choose Ralph, a twelve-year-old boy, as their leader. Things start off well and the boys use the shell as a talking stick.

The first day goes well and they argue about how to be rescued and what to do until a ship comes to take them home. Ralph is determined to set off a smoke signal, so Samneric, a pair of twins, is given the task of setting off and observing a fire signal. Another group, the choirboys led by Jack, chose themselves as hunters and provided the group with meat. Simon, an enlightened boy, and Piggy, a scientific thinker, quickly become Ralph's advisors. In addition to these boys, there are several younger boys around the age of six.

"Maybe there's a beast... maybe it's just us."

Jack and his group are becoming more and more interested in killing pigs. They start drawing faces and tracking down animals to hunt. All boys get scared of an imaginary beast in the jungle. His fears are compounded when a dead man parachutes onto the top of the mountain. The boys begin to see Jack as a protector and look to him for guidance.

This is how the conflict between Ralph and Jack escalated. Most of the boys on the island have joined Jack's tribe, except for Ralph, Piggy, Sam and Eric and a few of the little ones. Jack and the group became true savages, participating in the daily hunt and tribal dances.

List of Characters: Lord of the Flies by William Golding

Lord of the Flies by William Golding (1)

Ralph-The main protagonist of the story, a twelve-year-old boy who was chosen to be the boys' leader. Ralph tries to maintain discipline, order, and structure. It represents man's civilizational instinct.

Jack -The antagonist of the novel and one of the older boys and leader of the choir. Jack grows increasingly dark and restless during his stay on the island. He represents the evil that exists in all people in uncivilized situations.

piggy –Piggy is Ralph's right hand man. Despite being criticized for his weight, asthma and lack of physical agility, he is the scientific and rational thinker on Ralph's team.

Roger –A strangely reserved and sadistic older boy who is always preying on the younger and weaker. Roger quickly becomes Jack's foremost henchman and carries out Jack's evil wishes.

Sam and Eric -Also known as "Samnerics", they are twins who appear to be one person. They are Ralph's henchmen and like to keep the fire alarm going.

Moritz-He is Jack's main support and accompanies him on raids on Ralph's camp.

Simon –The "enlightened" boy with a real natural sense of morality who spends a lot of time alone with nature. Simon helps and comforts the younger boys in their dire moments.

Lord of the flies -It is the name given to the head of the sow that Jack's herd spears as an offering to the "beast". The Lord of the Flies symbolizes the primal instincts of power and barbaric nature that control Jack's tribe.

Little-Younger boys, around six years old or older.

Lord of the Flies by William Golding (2)

Book Review: Lord of the Flies by William Golding

In 1954, William Golding wrote Lord of the Flies when the world was in the midst of the silent but terrible Cold War in the aftermath of the warSecond World War🇧🇷 It's not just a story of boys surviving after their plane crashed on a desert island; is an allegorical novel about the conflicts between savagery and civilization.

A meaningful symbolism that is quite easy to understand has made it one of the most popular and admired books in history. William Golding's Lord of the Flies presents a memorable and haunting portrayal of believable characters portrayed with such subtlety and precision.

"The thing is – fear can't hurt you any more than a dream."

Lord of the Flies by William Golding is based on a series of events following a plane crash that left a group of school children stranded on a desert island during the Cold War. William Golding's Lord of the Flies is the story of the shocking survival of these boys. Finally, all boy's dreams have come true: after all, who doesn't want an entire island to play on without the hassles of adults? After a day or two, the young realize they need a leader. The main protagonist, Ralph, is elected leader of the group due to his popularity and leadership skills, with Piggy as his sidekick.

All boys become friends because they have nowhere to go. As the days go by, Jack grows more and more hungry for authority. What at first seems like a joyful escape from the chaotic adult world soon turns into something much more disturbing and sinister.

To this day I am convinced that Lord of the Flies is one of themcontroversial classic booksthat depends on how you read it. On the surface it reads like a simple moral tale - a portrait of what happens when you cut people off from society.

"The best ideas are the simplest."

It may seem that Lord of the Flies is just an adventure story for children. However, there is also a hidden truth at the heart of the novel in which Golding brings certain issues to the attention of the reader. The themes he refers to are: society, human nature, good vs. evil, ecological balance and cooperation. It is an allegorical novel in which Golding uses the scene of a desert island and a group of boys in an English school as the framework through which he explores the subject of his book.

William Golding uses this deceptively simple arrangement to question how civilized we really are and how easily we can get caught up in a horde of freaks. The question for the reader is whether these are just immature children or an allegory for the adult world and how quickly mafia rule can take over and how few dare go against the herd.

This story is a powerful portrayal of human nature and its role in the rise and fall of democracy. Central to this story is the theme of fear: how it can be used as a means of controlling people and how it destroys our humanity.

"Which is better: have laws and agree or hunt and kill?"

The three main characters Ralph, Jack and Piggy are archetypes of a natural leader, a bully and a nerd. They're not particularly complex people, but they're still fairly vibrant characters who define themselves more by their actions than their brief moments of introspection. The first few chapters have a spirit of adventure, or perhaps a childish notion of utopia, a world without adult supervision. As the characters descend into savagery, the book's tone becomes very dark and disturbing.

William Golding's prose style is deliberately prosaic; there are no noteworthy lyrical passages. This reinforces the visceral impact of the narrative. However, there are some creepy, surreal scenes involving a pig's head on a stick. The ending of the novel is clearly telegraphed by the trajectory of the previous chapters, but it's still very effective through it all.

Symbols and Motifs:

You'll love William Golding's provocative story of survival in Lord of the Flies, but you'll also learn about three very important traits of human nature. First: the human desire for social and political order through governments, legislatures and parliaments, represented by the shell and the platform. Second: Man's natural propensity for violence, savagery, and the need of all nations for military and defense, represented by the choirboys-turned-hunters-turned-assassins. And third, our belief in divine intervention and supernatural powers represented by sacrifices and ceremonial dances to appease the "beast."

If you haven't had a chance to read it yet, don't wait any longer.

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